How to Celebrate Paryushan Mahaparva, Origin, History, Significance, Wishes, and WhatsApp Messages

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Paryushan means it is a time for opening the lock of the heart and cleaning the dirt (karma) which is collected on the soul. – Namra Muni

Paryshan Parva is an 8-day (3 – 10th September 2021) Jain festival dedicated to contemplation and seeking forgiveness of sins. Pratikraman will be performed every night for repentance.

Samvatsari Pratikraman will be conducted on the last day (10th September 2021) on which one repents for one’s entire year’s sins.


The Paryushan Spiritual Awareness Festival is the most important festival of the Jain religion. Pari + upshamana + upshamana means to suppress, extinguish our passions (kashayas – anger, ego, delusion, and greed) from all sides. The festival lasts eight days. In the scriptures of the Jains, it is said that the beginning of Parshan should come no earlier than one month and twenty days after the beginning of the rainy season. Each year Parshan begins on about 12 or 13 days of Shravan Wad and ends on 4 or 5 days of Bhadarva (end of August-September). During these eight days, all Jains strive to practice self-discipline and repentance in order to purify their souls. individual capacity.

The Orgins of Paryushan

The origin of Paryushan Parva goes back to the agricultural way of life in India many centuries ago when people lived in small scattered villages. After monsoon rains and record harvests, people take a break from agriculture. The road is getting difficult. and the increase in the number of insects will make it difficult to travel without killing them, so people and sadhus / sadhvis will avoid any travel, which gives them the opportunity to spend these days practicing intermediate cleansing, improving their knowledge, etc.

Why is Paryushan Celebrated?

Paryushan is a time of introspection and introspection. Parshan frees us from everyday life and allows us to reflect and reflect on our past behavior, drawing on the teachings of the Jains and striving for spiritual life in the future. Parryushan also reminds us that the highest and highest goal of life is not striving for materialism, but the attainment of Nirvana. Parushan has also given us the opportunity to practice nonviolence (ahimsa) more over the past year with self-discipline. (Sanyam) and when performing austerities (tapah) such as scripture study (Swadhyaya), partial or complete fasting, introspection (Pratikraman) and introspection (Pratikraman), and repentance (Prayashchitta). We think of Parasparopagraho Jivanam all our lives, united by mutual support and interdependence. A spirit of community grows in all of us, and we must all be one.

How is Paryushan Celebrated?

During Parshan, Jainism is expected to study scriptures and religious books, reflect on the basics of Jainism and purify our behavior. -sensuality. be more open and determined to put more effort into spiritual progress in the coming year.

During the days in Paryushan, we must strive to observe the following five basic elements:

SADHARMIK VATSALYA: (Welfare of fellow Jains)

Show sincere affection not only for fellow Jains but also for other people and all living beings. Help and care should also be given to fellow believers, and every effort should be made to eliminate the causes of unhappiness among fellow believers.

AMARI PRAVARTAN: (Ahimsa or non-violence)

Strive to be non-violent in thought, word and deed and to be courageous in all areas of life.

ATTHAMA TAPA: (Fasting for three days)

The ascetic practice of fasting for three consecutive days to cleanse the body. Three days are believed to represent the three gems of Jainism: right faith, right knowledge, and right behavior. If it is not possible to fast for three days in a row, the person should try to fast. on three separate days, and if that is not possible, try making six Ayambils (one tasteless meal for the whole day) or 12 ekashan (eating once a day), or 24 kisses (eating twice a day), or 60 mala rosary Navkar mantra.


Pilgrimage to holy places, showing reverence and devotion to God through worship, prayer, and meditation.

KSHAMAPANA: (Forgiveness)

 Asking for forgiveness from all sentient beings who suffered for us in past or present lives, forgive those who hurt us, and forgive our shortcomings and their weaknesses.

Why do People fast during the Paryushan?

Fasting is a good way to develop self-control. If health permits, you should try to starve from time to time. During Paryushan, some Jains fast for eight days (atay), drink only boiled water, while others fast during the day (anashan) or part of the day. Fasting (Ekashan – eat once a day or Besan – eat twice a day) We must remember that these fasts make sense only if thoughts and feelings are pure and free from passions, passions such as pride, greed, anger, etc.

Significance of Samvatsari

The last day of Parshan is Samvatsari, and this is the most important day of all. On this day, most monks try to quickly observe and collectively perform the Samvatsari Pratikraman. It is also the day of Tass Mihami Dukkaram “Forgive and Forget”. We apologize to family and friends for any harm we have done to them over the past year. It is considered a defining period in spiritual life so that no bad feelings go beyond the year, so this is an annual event where repentance and forgiveness are important.


What Is Pratikraman

Pratikraman must make atonement (prayashitta), repent of his sinful actions, and return the lost soul. Pratikraman is a combination of two words: pra means to return, and atikraman means to rape. Literally it means “back after rape, back.” Pratikraman is the process of cleansing the conscience with a request for forgiveness from all other living beings for actions performed by a person in actions, words and thoughts, it implies a return to the path of non-violence., Honesty, refusal of theft, self-control and solitude. … It includes introspection, self-improvement, self-actualization and introspection leading to remorse for wrongdoing, giving up bad thoughts and actions, and a determination to gain strength to prevent such crimes in the future. The ultimate goal of pratikraman is to minimize the impact of mistakes on our lives. and to ensure that these mistakes do not recur.

Thus, pratikraman is not just a religious ritual, it serves to exercise control over his own mind, encouraging him to overcome his weaknesses and encouraging him to strive for humility, openness, expand friendships, forgive the mistakes of others, and openly ask for forgiveness. heart  Pratikraman is like a mirror. We see ourselves outside in the mirror as they are. In pratikraman we see ourselves inside as we really are.

Types Of Pratikraman

There are five types of Pratikraman as follows: –

Devsi Pratikraman:

which is held at night to reflect on breaking vows (of evil) made during the day.

Raishi Pratikraman:

which is held in the morning to reflect mistakes and violations of vows made in the evening.

Pakkhi Pratikraman:

It takes place on the 14th every two weeks, and Chaumasi Pratikraman – every four months.

Samvatsari Pratikraman:

This is done once a year at the end of the Parshan days and is considered the duty of all Jains. We must remember that Samvatsari Pratikraman should not wash away all sins committed in one year. If so, then there would be no Samvatsari Pratikraman who simply covers certain sins and is intended to save the soul from the company of anger, pride, deception, lust, and hatred. if he does not repent of our misdeeds at least once a year, the karmic bondage of the soul will become difficult, and it will be even more difficult to get rid of it.

Wishes and WhatsApp Messages

Paryushan Parva is glorified to cleanse our souls by being closer to our souls, looking at our own mistakes, apologizing for the mistakes we have made, and vowing to minimize our mistakes in the future.

On this sacred day of Mahaparva Parsyushan, I can ask you for forgiveness if I consciously or unconsciously made a mistake in my actions, words, or deeds.

May this Paryushan Parv bring you happiness and prosperity. May we all achieve purification and self-improvement so that we can successfully adhere to the ten universal virtues in our practical life. I wish you good Paryushan Parv.

If I hurt you with words, actions, or thoughts, I implore Chama with all my heart. You are so good that you still have to forgive me, Michammi Dukdam.

On the occasion of this “pious Jain Samvatsari”, I apologize for everything if I have harmed you, knowingly or unknowingly, in any way by my actions, words, or thoughts. I apologize for all your affection, – michham Dukkadam.

May this Paryushan Parv bring you happiness and prosperity. May we all achieve purification and self-improvement in order to successfully adhere to the ten universal virtues in our practical life.

Mann vachan kaya se jaante hue ya ajante hue dil dukhaya ho to aapse Michhami Dukkadam

Navkar jaisa mantra nahi, Vitrag jaise dev nahi, Gautam jaise guru nahi, Ahinsa jaisa dharm nahi or  PARYUSHAN jaisa parv nai Parushan parv ki shubhkamnaye.

Agar jane anjane me hamare parivar se koi bhi bhool Ho gayi ho to usse bhool samaj kar bhul jaye.

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